Fast Phase Analysis by X-Ray Diffraction
The PANalytical Alpha-1 is a high resolution instrument that generates a monochromated beam of x-rays, directs them towards a sample, and then collects the diffracted x-rays.
Plotting the detected x-ray signal as a function of the incident or diffracted angle gives data that lead to a precise determination of the spacing and positions of atoms in the sample.
|These are all SiO2. Though chemically identical, the atoms are aligned differently and each phase produces a different pattern.||Complex multi-phase powders can be identified. Data analysis is performed using HighScore Plus provided by PANalytical using PDF 4+ Database from ICDD.||The Alpha-1 has a monochromator that strips the K-alpha 2 peak leaving behind only K-alpha-1 for ease of analysis.|
Only Kα radiation is directed to the sample and collected, creating very clean data without any confusion caused by Kα2 or Kβ peaks. A key component of diffraction is the angle between the incident and the diffracted beam.
The collected data are widely used for the identification of unknown crystalline materials (e.g. minerals, inorganic compounds). Determination of unknown solids is critical to studies in geology, environmental science, material science, engineering and biology.
Reflection spinner Files that can be downloaded:
All x-ray diffraction systems have three components. An x-ray source, sample holder stage, and a detector. There are a number of commercially available sources with various properties and wavelengths, the Alpha-1 has a copper anode with a Kα of 1.54184 Å.
Files that can be downloaded: